Grenada Comprehensive Country Report

The following is a comprehensive report on Grenada

 

Within this report you will find information that may be of use to you in evaluating the suitability, attractiveness or otherwise of your involvement with the country of Grenada for the purposes of obtaining a passport from that country, doing business with that country or living in that country.

 

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GRENADA – Country Report

 

Background:

 

grenada-country-report

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Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when Christopher COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since then.

Location:

Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

Area:

Total: 344 sq km

Land: 344 sq km

Water: 0 sq km

Area – comparative:

Twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:

0 km

Coastline:

121 km

Climate:

Tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds

 

 

Terrain:

Volcanic in origin with central mountains

Elevation:

Mean elevation: NA

Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

Highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m

Natural resources:

Timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors

Land use:

Agricultural land: 32.3%

Arable land 8.8%; permanent crops 20.6%; permanent pasture 2.9%

Forest: 50%

Other: 17.7% (2011 est.)

Irrigated land:

20 sq km (2012)

Total renewable water resources:

NA

Natural hazards:

Lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November

Environment – current issues:

NA

Environment – international agreements:

Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling

Signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography – note:

The administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada

People and Society: GRENADA

Nationality:

Noun: Grenadian(s)

Adjective: Grenadian

Ethnic groups:

African descent 89.4%, mixed 8.2%, East Indian 1.6%, other 0.9% (includes indigenous) (2001 est.)

Languages:

English (official), French patois

Religions:

Roman Catholic 44.6%, Protestant 43.5% (includes Anglican 11.5%, Pentecostal 11.3%, Seventh Day Adventist 10.5%, Baptist 2.9%, Church of God 2.6%, Methodist 1.8%, Evangelical 1.6%, other 1.3%), Jehovah’s Witness 1.1%, Rastafarian 1.1%, other 6.2%, none 3.6%

Population:

110,694 (July 2015 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 191

Age structure:

0-14 years: 24.35% (male 13,958/female 12,998)

15-24 years: 16.02% (male 8,830/female 8,906)

25-54 years: 40.35% (male 22,891/female 21,771)

55-64 years: 9.65% (male 5,482/female 5,204)

65 years and over: 9.62% (male 4,888/female 5,766) (2015 est.)

Population pyramid:

 

Median age:

Total: 30.4 years

Male: 30.4 years

Female: 30.4 years (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 109

Population growth rate:

0.48% (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 161

Birth rate:

16.03 births/1,000 population (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 120

Death rate:

8.08 deaths/1,000 population (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 96

Net migration rate:

-3.13 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 182

Urbanization:

Urban population: 35.6% of total population (2015)

Rate of urbanization: 0.33% annual rate of change (2010-15 EST.)

Major urban areas – population:

SAINT GEORGE’S (capital) 38,000 (2014)

Sex ratio:

At birth: 1.1 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female

Total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2015 EST.)

Maternal mortality rate:

27 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 134

Infant mortality rate:

Total: 10.21 deaths/1,000 live births

Male: 9.59 deaths/1,000 live births

Female: 10.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 136

Life expectancy at birth:

Total population: 74.05 years

Male: 71.47 years

Female: 76.88 years (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 125

Total fertility rate:

2.06 children born/woman (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 112

Health expenditures:

6.1% of GDP (2014)

Country comparison to the world: 97

Physician’s density:

0.66 physicians/1,000 population (2006)

Hospital bed density:

3.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)

Drinking water source:

Improved:

Urban: 99% of population

Rural: 95.3% of population

Total: 96.6% of population

Unimproved:

Urban: 1% of population

Rural: 4.7% of population

Total: 3.4% of population (2015 EST.)

Sanitation facility access:

Improved:

Urban: 97.5% of population

Rural: 98.3% of population

Total: 98% of population

Unimproved:

Urban: 2.5% of population

Rural: 1.7% of population

Total: 2% of population (2015 EST.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:

NA

HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:

NA

HIV/AIDS – deaths:

NA

Major infectious diseases:

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity – adult prevalence rate:

24.6% (2014)

Country comparison to the world: 78

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

Total: 16 years

Male: 15 years

Female: 16 years (2009)

Government: GRENADA

Country name:

Conventional long form: none

Conventional short form: Grenada

etymology: probably named for the Spanish city of Granada; in Spanish “granada” means “pomegranate”

Government type:

Parliamentary democracy (Parliament); a Commonwealth realm

Capital:

Name: Saint George’s

Geographic coordinates: 12 03 N, 61 45 W

Time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions:

6 parishes and 1 dependency*; Carriacou and Petite Martinique*, Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mark, Saint Patrick

Independence:

7 February 1974 (from the UK)

National holiday:

Independence Day, 7 February (1974)

Constitution:

previous 1967; latest presented 19 December 1973, effective 7 February 1974, suspended 1979 following a revolution, but restored in 1983; amended 1991 (Constitutional Judicature Act, 1991); note – in late 2015, as part of constitutional reform, Parliament completed its first reading of a package of amendments (2016)

Legal system:

Common law based on English model

International law organization participation:

Has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction

Citizenship:

Citizenship by birth: yes

Citizenship by descent: yes

Dual citizenship recognized: yes

Residency requirement for naturalization: 7 years for persons from a non-Caribbean state and 4 years for a person from a Caribbean state

Suffrage:

18 years of age; universal

Executive branch:

Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Cecile LA GRENADE (since 7 May 2013)

Head of government: Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 20 February 2013)

Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

Elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the governor general

Legislative branch:

Description: bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (13 seats; members appointed by the governor general – 10 on the advice of the prime minister and 3 on the advice of the opposition party leader; members serve 5-year terms) and the House of Representatives (15 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 5-year terms)

Elections: last held on 19 February 2013 (next to be held in 2018)

Election results: House of Representatives – percent of vote by party – NNP 59%, NDC 41%; seats by party – NNP 15

Judicial branch:

highest court(s): Supreme Court of Grenada (consists of the High Court with 3 justices and a 2-tier Court of Appeal with NA justices); note – the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States to include Grenada; the ECSC – with its headquarters on St. Lucia – is headed by the chief justice and is comprised of the Court of Appeal with 3 justices and the High Court with 16 judges; sittings of the Court of Appeal and High Court rotate among the member states

Judge selection and term of office: justice selection and tenure NA

Subordinate courts: magistrates’ courts; Court of Magisterial Appeals

Political parties and leaders:

Grenada United Labor Party or GULP [Wilfred HAYES]

National Democratic Congress or NDC [Tillman THOMAS]

New National Party or NNP [Keith MITCHELL]

Political pressure groups and leaders:

Committee for Human Rights in Grenada or CHRG

New Jewel Movement Support Group

The British Grenada Friendship Society

The New Jewel 19 Committee

International organization participation:

ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CDB, CELAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ITU, ITUC, LAES, MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW, Petrocaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the US:

Chief of mission: Ambassador Ethelstan A. FRIDAY (since 3 September 2013)

Chancery: 1701 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009

Telephone: [1] (202) 265-2561

FAX: [1] (202) 265-2468

Consulate general: Miami

Diplomatic representation from the US:

Chief of mission: the US does not have an embassy in Grenada; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Grenada

Embassy: Lance-aux-Epines Stretch, Saint George’s

Mailing address: P. O. Box 54, Saint George’s

Telephone: [1] (473) 444-1173 through 1176

FAX: [1] (473) 444-4820

Flag description:

a rectangle divided diagonally into yellow triangles (top and bottom) and green triangles (hoist side and outer side), with a red border around the flag; there are seven yellow, five-pointed stars with three centered in the top red border, three centered in the bottom red border, and one on a red disk superimposed at the center of the flag; there is also a symbolic nutmeg pod on the hoist-side triangle (Grenada is the world’s second-largest producer of nutmeg, after Indonesia); the seven stars stand for the seven administrative divisions, with the central star denoting the capital, St. George; yellow represents the sun and the warmth of the people, green stands for vegetation and agriculture, and red symbolizes harmony, unity, and courage

National symbol(s):

Grenada dove, Bougainvillea flower; national colors: red, yellow, green

National anthem:

Name: “Hail Grenada”

Lyrics/music: Irva Merle BAPTISTE/Louis Arnold MASANTO

Note: adopted 1974

Economy: GRENADA

Economy – overview:

Grenada relies on tourism as its main source of foreign exchange especially since the construction of an international airport in 1985. Strong performances in construction and manufacturing, together with the development of tourism and higher education – especially in medicine – contributed to growth in national output; however, economic growth remained stagnant in 2010-14, after a sizable contraction in 2009, because of the global economic slowdown’s effects on tourism and remittances. Gross national saving – and wealth – has been declining since 2010.

Hurricanes Ivan (2004) and Emily (2005) severely damaged the agricultural sector – particularly nutmeg and cocoa cultivation – which had been a key driver of economic growth. Grenada has rebounded from the devastating effects of the hurricanes but is now saddled with the debt burden from the rebuilding process. Public debt-to-GDP is about 110%, leaving the MITCHELL administration limited room to engage in public investments and social spending. MITCHELL in 2013 announced a structural adjustment program that includes a plan to increase tax revenue.

GDP (purchasing power parity):

$1.401 billion (2015 EST.)

$1.34 billion (2014 EST.)

$1.268 billion (2013 EST.)

Note: data are in 2015 US dollars

Country comparison to the world: 199

GDP (official exchange rate):

$954 million (2015 EST.)

GDP – real growth rate:

4.6% (2015 EST.)

5.7% (2014 EST.)

2.4% (2013 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 46

GDP – per capita (PPP):

$13,100 (2015 EST.)

$12,600 (2014 EST.)

$12,000 (2013 EST.)

Note: data are in 2015 US dollars

Country comparison to the world: 119

Gross national saving:

3.8% of GDP (2015 EST.)

1.4% of GDP (2014 EST.)

-3.2% of GDP (2013 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 167

GDP – composition, by end use:

Household consumption: 93%

Government consumption: 15.2%

Investment in fixed capital: 16.1%

Investment in inventories: -0.1%

Exports of goods and services: 16.9%

Imports of goods and services: -41.1% (2015 EST.)

GDP – composition, by sector of origin:

Agriculture: 6.2%

Industry: 14.3%

Services: 79.5% (2015 EST.)

Agriculture – products:

Bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, mace, citrus, avocados, root crops, sugarcane, corn, vegetables

Industries:

Food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction

Industrial production growth rate:

-1% (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 172

Labor force:

59,900 (2013 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 188

Labor force – by occupation:

Agriculture: 11%

Industry: 20%

Services: 69% (2008 EST.)

Unemployment rate:

33.5% (2013)

25% (2008)

Country comparison to the world: 191

Population below poverty line:

38% (2008 EST.)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:

Lowest 10%: NA%

Highest 10%: NA%

Budget:

Revenues: $191.8 million

Expenditures: $230.9 million (2012 EST.)

Taxes and other revenues:

20.1% of GDP (2012 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 155

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):

-4.1% of GDP (2012 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 148

Public debt:

110% of GDP (2012 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 10

Fiscal year:

Calendar year

Inflation rate (consumer prices):

-1.3% (2015 EST.)

-0.8% (2014 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 8

Central bank discount rate:

6.5% (31 December 2009)

6.5% (31 December 2008)

Country comparison to the world: 58

Commercial bank prime lending rate:

9.2% (31 December 2015 EST.)

9.19% (31 December 2014 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 92

Stock of narrow money:

$183.3 million (31 December 2015 EST.)

$172.8 million (31 December 2014 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 183

Stock of broad money:

$773.7 million (31 December 2015 EST.)

$747.4 million (31 December 2014 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 173

Stock of domestic credit:

$627.1 million (31 December 2015 EST.)

$623.8 million (31 December 2014 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 164

Current account balance:

-$144 million (2015 EST.)

-$142 million (2014 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 74

Exports:

$43.8 million (2015 EST.)

$42.2 million (2014 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 203

Exports – commodities:

Nutmeg, bananas, cocoa, fruit and vegetables, clothing, mace

Exports – partners:

Nigeria 44.7%, St. Lucia 10.8%, Antigua and Barbuda 7.3%, St. Kitts and Nevis 6.6%, Dominica 6.6%, US 5.8% (2015)

Imports:

$310.4 million (2015 EST.)

$306.6 million (2014 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 199

Imports – commodities:

Food, manufactured goods, machinery, chemicals, fuel

Imports – partners:

Trinidad and Tobago 49.6%, US 16.4% (2015)

Debt – external:

$679 million (2013 EST.)

$538 million (2010 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 173

Exchange rates:

East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar –

2.7 (2015 EST.)

2.7 (2014 EST.)

2.7 (2013 EST.)

2.7 (2012 EST.)

2.7 (2011 EST.)

Energy: GRENADA

Electricity – production:

193 million kWh (2012 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 186

Electricity – consumption:

178 million kWh (2012 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 189

Electricity – exports:

0 kWh (2013 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 144

Electricity – imports:

0 kWh (2013 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 155

Electricity – installed generating capacity:

48,700 kW (2012 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 186

Electricity – from fossil fuels:

98.6% of total installed capacity (2012 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 52

Electricity – from nuclear fuels:

0% of total installed capacity (2012 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 100

Electricity – from hydroelectric plants:

0% of total installed capacity (2012 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 175

Electricity – from other renewable sources:

1.4% of total installed capacity (2012 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 89

Crude oil – production:

0 bbl/day (2014 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 141

Crude oil – exports:

0 bbl/day (2012 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 130

Crude oil – imports:

0 bbl/day (2012 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 197

Crude oil – proved reserves:

0 bbl (1 January 2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 139

Refined petroleum products – production:

0 bbl/day (2012 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 188

Refined petroleum products – consumption:

2,000 bbl/day (2013 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 187

Refined petroleum products – exports:

0 bbl/day (2012 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 185

Refined petroleum products – imports:

2,012 bbl/day (2012 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 182

Natural gas – production:

0 cu m (2013 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 194

Natural gas – consumption:

0 cu m (2013 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 148

Natural gas – exports:

0 cu m (2013 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 107

Natural gas – imports:

0 cu m (2013 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 202

Natural gas – proved reserves:

0 cu m (1 January 2014 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 144

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:

431,300 Mt (2012 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 186

Communications: GRENADA

Telephones – fixed lines:

Total subscriptions: 27,034

Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 24 (July 2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 174

Telephones – mobile cellular:

Total: 120,000

Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 108 (July 2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 186

Telephone system:

General assessment: adequate, automatic, island-wide telephone system

Domestic: interisland VHF and UHF radiotelephone links

International: country code – 1-473; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; SHF radiotelephone links to Trinidad and Tobago and Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to Trinidad (2015)

Broadcast media:

The Grenada Broadcasting Network, jointly owned by the government and the Caribbean Communications Network of Trinidad and Tobago, operates a TV station and 2 radio stations; multi-channel cable TV subscription service is available; a dozen private radio stations also broadcast (2007)

Radio broadcast stations:

AM 2, FM 12, shortwave 0 (2009)

Television broadcast stations:

2 (2009)

Internet country code:

.gd

Internet hosts:

80 (2012)

Country comparison to the world: 212

Internet users:

Total: 60,000

Percent of population: 53.8% (July 2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 183

 

 

Transportation: GRENADA

 

Airports:

3 (2013)

Country comparison to the world: 195

Airports – with paved runways:

Total: 3

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1

Under 914 m: 1 (2013)

Roadways:

Total: 1,127 km

Paved: 687 km

Unpaved: 440 km (2001)

Country comparison to the world: 184

Ports and terminals:

Major seaport(s): Saint George’s

Military and Security: GRENADA

Military branches:

No regular military forces; Royal Grenada Police Force (includes Coast Guard) (2010)

Transnational Issues: GRENADA

Disputes – international:

None

Illicit drugs:

Small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for marijuana and cocaine to US