Saint Lucia Comprehensive Country Report

The following is a comprehensive report on Saint Lucia

 

Within this report you will find information that may be of use to you in evaluating the suitability, attractiveness or otherwise of your involvement with the country of Saint Lucia for the purposes of obtaining a passport from that country, doing business with that country or living in that country.

 

You may download your personal copy of this complete 20+ page comprehensive country report on Saint Lucia by clicking on the image below.

SAINT LUCIA – Country Report

 

Background:

 

st-lucia-country-report

Click the image to download your personal report on Saint Lucia

The island, with its fine natural harbor at Castries, was contested between England and France throughout the 17th and early 18th centuries (changing possession 14 times); it was finally ceded to the UK in 1814. Even after the abolition of slavery on its plantations in 1834, Saint Lucia remained an agricultural island, dedicated to producing tropical commodity crops. Self-government was granted in 1967 and independence in 1979.

 

Geography :: SAINT LUCIA

Location:

Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates:

13 53 N, 60 58 W

Map references:

Central America and the Caribbean

Area:

total: 616 sq km

land: 606 sq km

water: 10 sq km

country comparison to the world: 193

Area – comparative:

three and a half times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:

0 km

Coastline:

158 km

Climate:

tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season January to April, rainy season May to August

Terrain:

volcanic and mountainous with broad, fertile valleys

Elevation:

mean elevation: NA

elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Mount Gimie 950 m

Natural resources:

forests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, geothermal potential

Land use:

agricultural land: 17.4%

arable land 4.9%; permanent crops 11.5%; permanent pasture 1%

forest: 77%

other: 5.6% (2011 est.)

Irrigated land:

30 sq km (2012)

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):

total: 0.02 cu km/yr

per capita: 98.22 cu m/yr (2005)

Natural hazards:

hurricanes; volcanic activity

Environment – current issues:

deforestation; soil erosion, particularly in the northern region

Environment – international agreements:

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography – note:

the twin Pitons (Gros Piton and Petit Piton), striking cone-shaped peaks south of Soufriere, are one of the scenic natural highlights of the Caribbean

People and Society :: SAINT LUCIA

Nationality:

noun: Saint Lucian(s)

adjective: Saint Lucian

Ethnic groups:

black/African descent 85.3%, mixed 10.9%, East Indian 2.2%, other 1.6%, unspecified 0.1% (2010 est.)

Languages:

English (official), French patois

Religions:

Roman Catholic 61.5%, Protestant 25.5% (includes Seventh Day Adventist 10.4%, Pentecostal 8.9%, Baptist 2.2%, Anglican 1.6%, Church of God 1.5%, other Protestant 0.9%), other Christian 3.4% (includes Evangelical 2.3% and Jehovah’s Witness 1.1%), Rastafarian 1.9%, other 0.4%, none 5.9%, unspecified 1.4% (2010 est.)

Population:

163,922 (July 2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 187

Age structure:

0-14 years: 20.75% (male 17,508/female 16,503)

15-24 years: 16.3% (male 13,541/female 13,177)

25-54 years: 42.93% (male 33,812/female 36,565)

55-64 years: 9.18% (male 6,964/female 8,084)

65 years and over: 10.84% (male 8,036/female 9,732) (2015 EST.)

Dependency ratios:

Total dependency ratio: 47.3%

Youth dependency ratio: 34.1%

Elderly dependency ratio: 13.3%

Potential support ratio: 7.5% (2015 EST.)

Median age:

Total: 33.5 years

Male: 32.4 years

Female: 34.6 years (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 87

Population growth rate:

0.34% (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 170

Birth rate:

13.7 births/1,000 population (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 143

Death rate:

7.42 deaths/1,000 population (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 115

Net migration rate:

-2.93 migrant(s)/1,000 populations (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 180

Urbanization:

Urban population: 18.5% of total population (2015)

Rate of urbanization: 0.89% annual rate of change (2010-15 EST.)

Major urban areas – population:

CASTRIES (capital) 22,000 (2014)

Sex ratio:

At birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.86 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.83 male(s)/female

Total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2015 EST.)

Maternal mortality rate:

48 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 117

Infant mortality rate:

Total: 11.45 deaths/1,000 live births

Male: 10.9 deaths/1,000 live births

Female: 12.02 deaths/1,000 live births (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 126

Life expectancy at birth:

Total population: 77.6 years

Male: 74.87 years

Female: 80.47 years (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 68

Total fertility rate:

1.76 children born/woman (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 162

Health expenditures:

6.7% of GDP (2014)

Country comparison to the world: 51

Physician’s density:

0.11 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

Hospital bed density:

1.6 beds/1,000 population (2011)

Drinking water source:

Improved:

Urban: 99.5% of population

Rural: 95.6% of population

Total: 96.3% of population

Unimproved:

Urban: 0.5% of population

Rural: 4.4% of population

Total: 3.7% of population (2015 EST.)

Sanitation facility access:

Improved:

Urban: 84.7% of population

Rural: 91.9% of population

Total: 90.5% of population

Unimproved:

Urban: 15.3% of population

Rural: 8.1% of population

Total: 9.5% of population (2015 EST.)

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:

NA

HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:

NA

HIV/AIDS – deaths:

NA

Major infectious diseases:

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)

Obesity – adult prevalence rate:

27% (2014)

Country comparison to the world: 87

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:

2.8% (2012)

Country comparison to the world: 116

Education expenditures:

4.8% of GDP (2014)

Country comparison to the world: 107

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):

Total: 13 years

Male: 12 years

Female: 13 years (2007)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:

Total: 27.5%

Male: 21.5%

Female: 35.2% (2007 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 12

Government: SAINT LUCIA

Country name:

Conventional long form: none

Conventional short form: Saint Lucia

Etymology: named after Saint LUCY of Syracuse by French sailors who were shipwrecked on the island on 13 December 1502, the saint’s feast day

Government type:

Parliamentary democracy (Parliament) under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm

Capital:

Name: Castries

Geographic coordinates: 14 00 N, 61 00 W

Time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

Administrative divisions:

10 districts; Anse-la-Raye, Canaries, Castries, Choiseul, Dennery, Gros-Islet, Laborie, Micoud, Soufriere, Vieux-Fort

Independence:

22 February 1979 (from the UK)

National holiday:

Independence Day, 22 February (1979)

Constitution:

Previous 1958, 1960 (preindependence); latest presented 20 December 1978, effective 22 February 1979; note – in mid-2015, an amendment was proposed to replace the London-based Privy Council with the Caribbean Court of Justice as the country’s highest appellate court (2016)

Legal system:

English common law

International law organization participation:

Has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction

Citizenship:

Citizenship by birth: yes

Citizenship by descent: at least one parent must be a citizen of Saint Lucia

Dual citizenship recognized: yes

Residency requirement for naturalization: 8 years

Suffrage:

18 years of age; universal

Executive branch:

Chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Dame Pearlette LOUISY (since September 1997)

Head of government: Prime Minister Allen CHASTANET (since 7 June 2016)

Cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

Elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by governor general; deputy prime minister appointed by governor general

Legislative branch:

description: bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (11 seats; 6 members appointed on the advice of the prime minister, 3 on the advice of the leader of the opposition, and 2 upon consultation with religious, economic, and social groups; members serve 5-year terms) and the House of Assembly (17 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 5-year terms)

Elections: House of Assembly – last held on 6 June 2016 (next to be held in 2021)

Election results: House of Assembly – percent of vote by party – UWP 54.8%, SLP 44.1%; seats by party – UWP 11, SLP 6

Judicial branch:

highest court(s): the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court (ECSC) is the itinerant superior court of record for the 9-member Organization of Eastern Caribbean States; the ECSC – with its headquarters on St. Lucia – is headed by the chief justice and is comprised of the Court of Appeal with 3 justices and the High Court with 16 judges; sittings of the Court of Appeal and High Court rotate among the member states; 3 High Court judges reside on Saint Lucia; note – Saint Lucia is a member of the Caribbean Court of Justice

Judge selection and term of office: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court chief justice appointed by Her Majesty, Queen ELIZABETH II; other justices and judges appointed by the Judicial and Legal Services Commission; Court of Appeal justices appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 65; High Court judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 62

Subordinate courts: magistrate’s court

Political parties and leaders:

Lucian People’s Movement or LPM [Therold PRUDENT]

Saint Lucia Labor Party or SLP [Kenny ANTHONY]

United Workers Party or UWP [Allen CHASTANET]

Political pressure groups and leaders:

NA

International organization participation:

ACP, AOSIS, C, Caricom, CD, CDB, CELAC, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, ITUC (NGOs), MIGA, NAM, OAS, OECS, OIF, OPANAL, OPCW, Petrocaribe, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU (NGOs), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Diplomatic representation in the US:

Chief of mission: Ambassador Elizabeth Darius CLARKE (since 3 August 2015)

Chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20016

Telephone: [1] (202) 364-6792 through 6795

FAX: [1] (202) 364-6723

Consulate general: New York

Diplomatic representation from the US:

The US does not have an embassy in Saint Lucia; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Saint Lucia

Flag description:

cerulean blue with a gold isosceles triangle below a black arrowhead; the upper edges of the arrowhead have a white border; the blue color represents the sky and sea, gold stands for sunshine and prosperity, and white and black the racial composition of the island (with the latter being dominant); the two major triangles invoke the twin Pitons (Gros Piton and Petit Piton), cone-shaped volcanic plugs that are a symbol of the island

National symbol(s):

Twin pitons (volcanic peaks), Saint Lucia parrot; national colors: cerulean blue, gold, black, white

National anthem:

Name: “Sons and Daughters of St. Lucia”

Lyrics/music: Charles JESSE/Leton Felix THOMAS

Note: adopted 1967

Economy: SAINT LUCIA

Economy – overview:

The island nation has been able to attract foreign business and investment, especially in its offshore banking and tourism industries. Tourism is Saint Lucia’s main source of jobs and income – accounting for 65% of GDP – and the island’s main source of foreign exchange earnings. The manufacturing sector is the most diverse in the Eastern Caribbean area. Crops such as bananas, mangos, and avocados continue to be grown for export, but St. Lucia’s once solid banana industry has been devastated by strong competition.

Saint Lucia is vulnerable to a variety of external shocks, including volatile tourism receipts, natural disasters, and dependence on foreign oil. Furthermore, high public debt – 77% of GDP in 2012 – and high debt servicing obligations constrain the ANTHONY administration’s ability to respond to adverse external shocks.

St. Lucia has experienced anemic growth since the onset of the global financial crisis in 2008, largely because of a slowdown in tourism – airlines cut back on their routes to St. Lucia in 2012. Also, St. Lucia introduced a value added tax in 2012 of 15%, becoming the last country in the Eastern Caribbean to do so. In 2013, the government introduced a National Competitiveness and Productivity Council to address St. Lucia’s high public wages and lack of productivity.

GDP (purchasing power parity):

$2.03 billion (2015 EST.)

$1.998 billion (2014 EST.)

$1.989 billion (2013 EST.)

Note: data are in 2015 US dollars

Country comparison to the world: 195

GDP (official exchange rate):

$1.416 billion (2015 EST.)

GDP – real growth rate:

1.6% (2015 EST.)

0.5% (2014 EST.)

0.1% (2013 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 146

GDP – per capita (PPP):

$11,700 (2015 EST.)

$11,600 (2014 EST.)

$11,600 (2013 EST.)

Note: data are in 2015 US dollars

Country comparison to the world: 128

Gross national saving:

16.1% of GDP (2015 EST.)

12% of GDP (2014 EST.)

11.5% of GDP (2013 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 106

GDP – composition, by end use:

Household consumption: 52.4%

Government consumption: 19.3%

Investment in fixed capital: 32.1%

Investment in inventories: 0.1%

Exports of goods and services: 51.7%

Imports of goods and services: -55.6% (2015 EST.)

GDP – composition, by sector of origin:

Agriculture: 2.7%

Industry: 15.3%

Services: 82.1% (2015 EST.)

Agriculture – products:

Bananas, coconuts, vegetables, citrus, root crops, cocoa

Industries:

Tourism; clothing, assembly of electronic components, beverages, corrugated cardboard boxes, lime processing, coconut processing

Industrial production growth rate:

3.5% (2015 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 70

Labor force:

79,700 (2012 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 184

Labor force – by occupation:

Agriculture: 21.7%

Industry: 24.7%

Services: 53.6% (2002 EST.)

Unemployment rate:

20% (2003 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 169

Population below poverty line:

NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share:

Lowest 10%: NA%

Highest 10%: NA%

Budget:

Revenues: $185.2 million

Expenditures: $222.2 million (2011 EST.)

Taxes and other revenues:

12.9% of GDP (2011 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 204

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):

-2.6% of GDP (2011 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 95

Public debt:

77% of GDP (2012 EST.)

77% of GDP (2010 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 34

Fiscal year:

1 April – 31 March

Inflation rate (consumer prices):

-0.7% (2015 EST.)

3.5% (2014 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 21

Central bank discount rate:

6.5% (31 December 2010)

6.5% (31 December 2009)

Country comparison to the world: 56

Commercial bank prime lending rate:

9% (31 December 2015 EST.)

9% (31 December 2014 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 97

Stock of narrow money:

$282.7 million (31 December 2015 EST.)

$277.3 million (31 December 2014 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 174

Stock of broad money:

$1.104 billion (31 December 2014 EST.)

$1.057 billion (31 December 2013 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 169

Stock of domestic credit:

$1.546 billion (31 December 2015 EST.)

$1.519 billion (31 December 2014 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 150

Current account balance:

-$106 million (2015 EST.)

-$94 million (2014 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 69

Exports:

$207 million (2015 EST.)

$203.3 million (2014 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 186

Exports – commodities:

Bananas 41%, clothing, cocoa, avocados, mangoes, coconut oil (2010 EST.)

Exports – partners:

Dominican Republic 25.1%, US 15.9%, Suriname 9.1%, Antigua and Barbuda 7%, Dominica 6.8%, Trinidad and Tobago 6.3%, Barbados 6.1%, UK 4.8%, Grenada 4.6% (2015)

Imports:

$540.6 million (2015 EST.)

$558.8 million (2014 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 193

Imports – commodities:

Food, manufactured goods, machinery and transportation equipment, chemicals, fuels

Imports – partners:

Brazil 34.9%, US 25.7%, Trinidad and Tobago 14.4%, Colombia 10.9% (2015)

Debt – external:

$497.5 million (31 December 2014 EST.)

$485.9 million (31 December 2013 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 179

Exchange rates:

East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar –

2.7 (2015 EST.)

2.7 (2014 EST.)

2.7 (2013 EST.)

2.7 (2012)

2.7 (2011)

Energy: SAINT LUCIA

Electricity – production:

361.7 million KWh (2012 EST.)

Country comparison to the world: 167

Electricity – consumption:

336.4 million kWh (2012 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 174

Electricity – exports:

0 kWh (2013 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 198

Electricity – imports:

0 kWh (2013 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 204

Electricity – installed generating capacity:

89,000 kW (2012 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 176

Electricity – from fossil fuels:

100% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 28

Electricity – from nuclear fuels:

0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 183

Electricity – from hydroelectric plants:

0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 204

Electricity – from other renewable sources:

0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 129

Crude oil – production:

0 bbl. /day (2014 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 193

Crude oil – exports:

0 bbl. /day (2012 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 191

Crude oil – imports:

0 bbl. /day (2012 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 127

Crude oil – proved reserves:

0 bbl. (1 January 2015 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 193

Refined petroleum products – production:

0 bbl. /day (2012 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 133

Refined petroleum products – consumption:

3,000 bbl. /day (2013 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 182

Refined petroleum products – exports:

0 bbl. /day (2012 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 134

Refined petroleum products – imports:

3,041 bbl. /day (2012 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 175

Natural gas – production:

0 cu m (2013 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 130

Natural gas – consumption:

0 cu m (2013 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 195

Natural gas – exports:

0 cu m (2013 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 183

Natural gas – imports:

0 cu m (2013 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 135

Natural gas – proved reserves:

0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 196

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:

415,700 Mt (2012 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 187

Communications: SAINT LUCIA

Telephones – fixed lines:

Total subscriptions: 34,874

Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 21 (July 2015 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 171

Telephones – mobile cellular:

Total: 188,000

Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 115 (July 2015 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 181

Telephone system:

General assessment: an adequate system that is automatically switched

Domestic: fixed-line tele density is 20 per 100 persons and mobile-cellular tele density is roughly 115 per 100 persons

International: country code – 1-758; the East Caribbean Fiber System and Southern Caribbean Fiber submarine cables, along with Intelsat from Martinique, carry calls internationally; direct microwave radio relay link with Martinique and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; tropospheric scatter to Barbados (2015)

Broadcast media:

3 privately owned TV stations; 1 public TV station operating on a cable network; multi-channel cable TV service available; a mix of state-owned and privately owned broadcasters operate nearly 25 radio stations including repeater transmission stations (2007)

Radio broadcast stations:

AM 2, FM 11, shortwave 0 (2008)

Television broadcast stations:

2 (1 commercial broadcast station and 1 community antenna television or CATV channel) (2003)

Internet country code:

.lc

Internet hosts:

100 (2012)

Country comparison to the world: 209

Internet users:

Total: 86,000

Percent of population: 52.4% (July 2015 est.)

Country comparison to the world: 166

Transportation: SAINT LUCIA

Airports:

2 (2013)

Country comparison to the world: 204

Airports – with paved runways:

Total: 2

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)

Roadways:

Total: 1,210 km

Paved: 847 km

Unpaved: 363 km (2011)

Country comparison to the world: 182

Ports and terminals:

Major seaport(s): Castries, Cul-de-Sac, Vieux-Fort

 

Military and Security: SAINT LUCIA

Military branches:

No regular military forces; Royal Saint Lucia Police Force (includes Special Service Unit, Marine Unit) (2012)

Military service age and obligation:

18 years of age for voluntary security service; no national army (2012)

Transnational Issues: SAINT LUCIA

Disputes – international:

Joins other Caribbean states to counter Venezuela’s claim that Aves Island sustains human habitation, a criterion under UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, which permits Venezuela to extend its EEZ/continental shelf over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea

Illicit drugs:

Transit point for South American drugs destined for the US and Europe